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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

Parabatia.']                         PLORA INDICA.                                   181
alternis, iiiferioribus compositis, superioribus simplicibus, fulvo-pubcscentes, bracteis
iniuutis subulatis\muniti. Flores in ordiue majnsculi, viridesceutes. Sepala ciliata.
Petala obtusa vel emarginata, concava, marginibus iafra medium incrassatis mvo-
lutis. Colitmna staminea petalis eequilonga. Anthera profunde -i-lobse, biloculares.
Ovatia in spec, omuia destructa. jbnipte pollicares, Iseves, lateriluu, udulcs, sapore
dulci, gyuoj)horo brevissimo insidentes. Putamw valde compre&sura, lignosum, fra-
gile, prater carinas Iteve, secus margined argute lobulatum, siuubus rotundatis, apiee
trilobum, lobo medio luteralea superante, lamiuam argutain tenuem traiisverse com-
pressam formaute. Carina dorsuis arguta, longitudinaliter unisulcata. Fades ven-
tral is medio Icviler carinata, et prope marginem seric duplici longitudinal! tubercu-
lorum munita. 'Semen jjlano-compressum, oblongum. Testa tenuis, flavida, Icevis ;
rhapJte recta vcuti'ali; chalasa iu facie natica seiuinis aubterruinali. Embryo albus,
semine -^ brevior.
3. PARABJENA, Miers.
Sepala 6, carnosula, oblonga-, fere eequalia. Petala 6, sepalis dimi-
dio breviora, cuneato-triloba vel obovata. 3MA.S. Stamina monadelpha,
columna centralis cylindrica; antlierce 6 in capitulum subglobosuin
coulita, transverse dehisceutia, FCBM. fitaminu sterilia 6, cylindrica.
Qmria 8, stylis subulatis recurvis. brupa ovales, styli cicatrice sub-
tcnuiuali. Ptilamen superne rostratura, dorso tuberculis acicularibus
fragilibus exasperatum, antice profuade excavaturn. Semen peltatum,
circa putamiuis processum iuternum involutum. Albumen copiosum,
carnosumj hoxnogeneum. Embryo curvatus. Ifadicufa supera longa,
styli cicatricein spectans. Cotykdones ovatse, divaricatse, in loculis di-
vcrsis albuminis sitoe.—Frutices scandentes laciescentes, iaflorescentia
axillarl dickotome cymosa.
iu Parabitna the ovule is amphitropous, but attached considerably above the
middle of the cell, so that the micropyle is not far from the hilum. The seed is pel-
tate, and attached to the upper part of the iuterual process, which is hemispherical
and quite opeu externally when the sarcocarp is removed. In general aspect and in
the male flowers it is very close to Aspidocarya, but the structure of the putamen
clearly distinguishes it.
We have examined the wood of ParaGana sagittate which we preserved iu
spirits in the Khasia mountains ; a specimen about % of an iuch in diameter is cy-
lindrical and spongy, consisting chiefly of a very abundaut lax cellular tissue, with
large areoke. There arc five principal wedges of. wood, each cuneate on a transverse
section, placed midway between ceiltre and''circumference, aad attenuating with these
are 5-7 otfcer much smaller bundle? forming an exterior zone. 33ach wood-bundle
consists of ti very little dotted pleujfenchyma and a large c&inbium-layer. Exterior
to the wood, and removed from <t, th* liber forms a continuous wavy zone, each arc
corresponding- to the position of the w^od-buudles, both small aud great; this liber
is added to annually. The cellular and vascular tissues are all dotted, aud the bark
is cellular, without any distinct cuticle.
1. P. sagittate (Miers in Tayl. Ann. ser. 2. vii. 39); foliis ob-
lorjgis abrupte afcuminatis rarius obtusis basi sagittatis lobis obtusiss
vel acutis.—P. olevacea, P. hetcrophylla, <tt P. ferruginea, Miers, I. c\
Cissampelos sagittata, Ham, ex Wall. Cat. 49'83 ! . 0. oleracc^ WM.
Cat. 498-i!
HAB. In dtuuetis subtvopicis Nipaliee orientalis! yikkim 1 Assam
KUasia! Cbittagong!    f'Kl. Juu.-Jul.) (r. t»,)